Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Claude Debussy - La Mer (The sea, three symphonic sketches for orchestra)

"Under the Wave off Kanagawa (kanagawa oki nami ura)", also known as "The Great Wave".

The Sea is Claude Debussy's orchestral masterpiece. When he was a child, he wanted to be a sailor, and the charm of the sea never abandoned him. Debussy was fascinated by the movement and power of the water. He was inspired by artists such as Turner and the Japanese genius Hokusai, who his masterpiece "Under the Wave off Kanagawa (kanagawa oki nami ura)", also known as "The Great Wave" embellished the cover of the first edition of "The Sea". It was regarded as one of the best French symphonic works. Debussy composed much of it on vacation with his then mistress, Emma Bardac, in the summer of 1904. It was first performed in October 1905.
The work consists of three parts - never before has it come so close to the symphonic form - each of which is made up of a distinct sonic image of the sea.


I.From dawn to noon on the sea

The first part begins very quietly, subjecting the fibrillation of the first light to the cold surface of the water. Gradually the music develops as the day dawns and the sea comes alive with light and movement. A strong impression is caused by a section where the cellos play in relative harmony. The part ends with a grandiose phrase of brass reminiscent of choral.

II. Play of the waves

The second part has the movement of mercury while infinitely thin spikes of orchestration and rhythm, submit a world of dazzling light, wind and sparkling water.

III. Dialogue of the wind and the sea

In the final part  the music develops reminiscent of the brutality of the storm. There is a moment of peace and tranquility when the main melody of the part (the only real melody of the whole work) is played gently by the woodwind over a very high, persistent note of violins. Then the storm returns and it ends with large sound outbursts of the entire orchestra.