Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Grieg - Events in brief

Edvard Grieg with friends in Leipzig.

1843 Edvard Grieg was born in June in Bergen, Norway.
1859 Begins studying at the Leipzig Conservatory in Germany.
1862 First public appearance with the Four Pieces for Piano, Op. 1
1864 Meets Rikard Nordaak, who radically changes his life.
1867 Marries his cousin Nina Hagerup. He founds the Norwegian Music Academy.
1870 Meets Franz Liszt in Rome.
1874 Ibsen asks him to write stage music for his play "Peer Gynt".
1876 First performance of Peer Gynt.
1888 First interpretation of the Peer Gynt Suite No. 1
1894 PhD in Music from Cambridge University.
1898 Organizes the Norwegian Music Festival
1907 He dies in September in Bergen after a heart attact 

  • Although he was buried with every honor from his grateful homeland, his ashes were buried in a niche on the mountain above Troldhaugen with no sign other than his name and his wife's.