Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Handel - Israel in Egypt

Although the Messiah is Handel's most famous oratorio, this highly evocative work contains some of the composer's most dramatic moments. It was written in 1739 and recounts the path of a people of the Bible from failure to victory.

Handel was religious, but unlike his contemporary J.S.Bach, he addresses to the simple feelings of ordinary people rather than their particular spiritual pursuits.

Since its premiere in 1739, "Israel in Egypt" has been a contradictory oratorio. The work is not only a scandalous example of Handel's tendency to "borrow" from other composers (his choral "Egypt was glad" comes from a work for organ by Johann Kerl), but it also had a great failure in Handel's time.

The work consists of two parts: The first is a mournful sequence from another oratorium, Saul. In the second part, the story of Exodus - based on Bible texts - includes some of Handel's most impressive choral parts. The large number of choruses, however, as well as the few parts for solo voice, made the oratorio unpopular at the time of its appearance.

Bringing the drama to life

But what makes the play stand out from most of Handel's contemporary is his ability to bring dramatic scenes to life through music. Unlike operas, the oratories have no plot, costumes or elaborate sets, so the music itself must create vivid dramatic images that will make the stories unforgettable.

In Israel in Egypt, the scourge of frogs and flies is represented by parts of brilliant orchestral writing. Flies bomb through sections for oboe and violin, while music for cellos, bassoons and harpsichords re-create the scourge of frogs. When the Red Sea is divided, moments of triumph are coordinated with drums and trumpets.

The final part of the play recounts how the waves swallowed the Egyptians. A solo voice of a high-rise contrasts with the last chorus, recounting how a horse and its rider disappeared into the sea. The voices of two choirs, four soloists and the entire orchestra interpret with increasing intensity the majestic celebration of the salvation of the Israelites from God.

The play finally gained the public's favor in the 19th century, when Handel's oratories became a feature of the English music scene. The work is often interpreted today by choirs, who treat it as a valuable and enjoyable experience.