Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Vivaldi - “Summer” (from Four Seasons), Violin concerto in G minor, Op.8, No. 2

Poussin's painting of workers harvesting drips
Vivaldi's "Summer" is a time of drowning, tyrannical heat, with storm breaks.


I. Allegro non molto

"Under a hard season, fired up by the sun
Languishes man, languishes the flock and burns the pine
We hear the cuckoo’s voice;
then sweet songs of the turtle dove and finch are heard.
Soft breezes stir the air but threatening
the North Wind sweeps them suddenly aside.
The shepherd trembles,
fearing violent storms and his fate."


The first part, Allegro non moltosubmits a lazy mood under the scorching sun, with small phrases in the most thoughtful rolled key. This is followed by a more passionate intercalary, with birdsong stresses and more restless spots as the air rises.


II. Adagio 

"The fear of lightning and fierce thunder
Robs his tired limbs of rest
As gnats and flies buzz furiously around."

In central Adagio, the sleep of a young shepherd is upsetsed by lightning but also by swarms of wasp and flies!


III. Presto

"Alas, his fears were justified
The Heavens thunder and roar and with hail
Cut the head off the sheet and damages the grain."

The storm breaks out in the final Presto, torrential rain and hail lash the fields and bend the corn.





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