Maurice Ravel -The Swiss Watchmaker

Maurice Ravel was born on March 7, 1875, in the small fishing village of Ciboure in the Basque region, near the Franco-Spanish border.  His father, Pierre-Joseph, was a Frenchman of Swiss descent. Pierre-Joseph, a distinguished engineer, met and fell in love with his future wife, a young and beautiful Basque, Marie Delouart, at the time she worked on the Spanish railways.  A few months after Maurice's birth, the family moved from Ciboure to Paris. The parents of Maurice Ravel, Pierre-Joseph Ravel and Marie Delouart. Maurice had a happy childhood. The parents encouraged their two children - Edouard was born in 1878 - to follow their vocation. Maurice's inclination was music. He started music lessons at the age of seven.  Unlike the parents of other composers, Pierre-Joseph viewed positively the prospect of a musical career and sent Maurice to the France's most important musical college, the Conservatoire de Paris in 1889. In the same year, the Paris Exhibition brought toget

Georges Bizet - Events in brief

A poster of a German version of Bizet's opera, Pearl Fishers.


1838
 Georges Bizet was born on 25 October in Montmartre, Paris.

1848 He begins studying at the Conservatory of Paris.
1857 Wins the Grand Prize of the Music Competition of Rome.
1858 Arrives in Rome for a three-year stay.
1859 Hospitalizes a sick friend from whom he contracted the disease that caused him inflammation of the laryns, from which he later died.
1860 Returns to Paris.
1861 Bizet is shaken by his mother's death.
1863 He is related to a neighbor who will prove to be a role model for Carmen.
1866 First performance of the opera The Beautiful Daughter of Perth, a rare success in public and critics.
1869 Marries Geneviève Halévy, daughter of his former music teacher.
1870 He enlisted in the French National Guard with the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war.
1873 Begins composing Carmen.
1875 Carmen's first performance in March. He dies on June 3rd in Paris.



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