Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Georges Bizet - Events in brief

A poster of a German version of Bizet's opera, Pearl Fishers.


1838
 Georges Bizet was born on 25 October in Montmartre, Paris.

1848 He begins studying at the Conservatory of Paris.
1857 Wins the Grand Prize of the Music Competition of Rome.
1858 Arrives in Rome for a three-year stay.
1859 Hospitalizes a sick friend from whom he contracted the disease that caused him inflammation of the laryns, from which he later died.
1860 Returns to Paris.
1861 Bizet is shaken by his mother's death.
1863 He is related to a neighbor who will prove to be a role model for Carmen.
1866 First performance of the opera The Beautiful Daughter of Perth, a rare success in public and critics.
1869 Marries Geneviève Halévy, daughter of his former music teacher.
1870 He enlisted in the French National Guard with the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war.
1873 Begins composing Carmen.
1875 Carmen's first performance in March. He dies on June 3rd in Paris.



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