Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Verdi - Don Carlos

"Don Carlos" was a French "grand opera" based on Schiller's work. This setting, designed by Charles-Antoine Cambon in 1867, expresses the French echo of the opera style, with the view of Paris in the background.

This opera of Giuseppe Verdi, based on the homonymous play by the German writer Schiller, was written for the Paris Opera in the style of the "grand opera" which Verdi himself love, as the French audience. 

Although it was adapted in Italian, it remains an uneven work that includes a lot of good music.

- Canzone del Velo

The hero of this opera is the son of the King of Spain, who is in love with his stepmother Elizabeth. In the dharming Moorish song, Canzone del Velo (Song of the Veil), Verdi demonstrates his knowledge of Spanish folk song, using bolero rhythms, flamingo-like decorations and exotic orchestration. 

Repetitions of the opening verses are a constant reminder of an evil vision and serve to maintain the coherence of the whole section.