Maurice Ravel -The Swiss Watchmaker

Maurice Ravel was born on March 7, 1875, in the small fishing village of Ciboure in the Basque region, near the Franco-Spanish border.  His father, Pierre-Joseph, was a Frenchman of Swiss descent. Pierre-Joseph, a distinguished engineer, met and fell in love with his future wife, a young and beautiful Basque, Marie Delouart, at the time she worked on the Spanish railways.  A few months after Maurice's birth, the family moved from Ciboure to Paris. The parents of Maurice Ravel, Pierre-Joseph Ravel and Marie Delouart. Maurice had a happy childhood. The parents encouraged their two children - Edouard was born in 1878 - to follow their vocation. Maurice's inclination was music. He started music lessons at the age of seven.  Unlike the parents of other composers, Pierre-Joseph viewed positively the prospect of a musical career and sent Maurice to the France's most important musical college, the Conservatoire de Paris in 1889. In the same year, the Paris Exhibition brought toget

Felix Mendelssohn - Famous works

A painting of Oberon and Titania, characters from William Shakespeare's "Α Midsummer Night's Dream", from which Mendelssohn inspired the famous "Wedding March".


Symphonies:

  • No. 1 in C minor, Op. 11
  • No. 2 in B flat major, Op. 52, "Lobgesang"
  • No. 3 in A minor, Op. 56, "The Scottish"
  • No. 4 in A major, Op. 90 "Italian" 
  • No. 5 in D major/minor, Op. 107 "Reformation"

Overtures:

  • A Midsummer Night's Dream, in E major for orchestra, Op. 21
  • The Hebrides or Fingal's Cave, in B minor for orchestra, Op. 26
  • The Beautiful Melusine), in F major for orchestra, Op. 32

Concertos:

  • Violin Concerto No. 1 in D minor, for violin and strings
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 64 
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in G minor, Op. 25
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 40 

Chamber music:

  • String Octet in E-flat major, Op. 20 
  • Cello Sonata No. 1 in B flat major, Op. 45
  • Cello Sonata No. 2 in D major, Op. 58
  • String Quartet No. 1 in E flat major, Op. 12
  • String Quartet No. 2 in A minor, Op. 13
  • String Quintet No. 1 in A major, Op. 18
  • String Quintet No. 2 in B flat major, Op. 87

Piano compositions:

  • Lieder ohne Worte (Songs Without Words), Books 1-8
  • Capriccio in F sharp minor, Op. 5
  • Fantasia in F-sharp minor for piano, Op. 28 ("Sonate écossaise")
  • Pièces caractéristiques for piano, Op. 7 
  • Six Preludes and Fugues, Op. 35
  • Album-leaf (Albumblatt) in E minor for piano, Op. 117

Voice and Piano:

  • 69 songs
  • 2 Sacred songs, Op. 112

Oratorios:

  • St. Paul (Paulus), Op. 36
  • Elijah (Elias), Op. 70

Comments