Johann Strauss II - Kaiser-Walzer (Emperor Waltz), Op. 437

Strauss often played in the glittering Imperial balls, conducting the orchestra and playing the first violin at the same time.   The majestic launch of this fascinating waltz presents the backdrop of the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the hegemony of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph in 1888. Johann Strauss II was Music Director of the Dance Hesperides of the Imperial Court from 1863 to 1872 and composed on occasion for the celebration of an imperial anniversary. The ingenuity of the melody of the Emperor Waltz, which was originally orchestrated for a full orchestra, is such that it was easily adapted for the four or five instruments of a chamber ensemble by the Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg in 1925. This waltz is a tender and somewhat melancholic work, which at times turns its gaze nostalgically to the old Vienna. The waltz praises the majesty and dignity of the old monarch, who was fully devoted to his people. It begins with a majestic, magnificent march, which soon re

Mozart - Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525

Painting of Vienna at Mozart's time
The serenade "A Little Night Music" was written to be played at night, when darkness easedthe sufferings of the day...

This serenade, written for string quartet and double bass, was completed on August 10, 1787, the year Mozart was appointed a courtier. He composed it as an entertaining music piece and in particular as an after-dinner play, as the name "A Little Night Music" lyses. Initially there were five parts, but one, the second, is lost. Apparently Mozart himself removed it before publication.

This piece is the best example of emotional serenity and light, which characterizes many of Mozart's works. It was written as an evening entertainment project with a soothing character and therefore avoids the surprise of the loud explosions of music.


I. Allegro

Allegro begins with a string fanfare that immediately leads to a flowing melody of the violin. A brief pause paves the way for the kinder second theme. The inaugural music repeats itself and the fanfare returns, leading the music to a different and strange tone. However, this does not last long and the inaugural music returns to the familiar tone.

II. Romanza: Andante

The title of the second part, Romanza, immediately indicates the loose structure of the piece. Strings introduce the inaugural melody and then a new idea is introduced, announced by four staccato notes of scat. After returning to the first melody, a sudden change of mood introduces a duet between the violin and the cello and there appears an agonizing melody. The inaugural music returns once again and leads the track to a quiet conclusion.

III. Menuetto: Allegretto

The imposing Menuetto e trio offers a complete contrast. The first violin guides throughout and the music flows as the cello and double bass follow the melodies.

IV. Rondo: Allegro

The violins begin the final, fast part, the Rondo allegro, with a theme similar to the fanfare of the first part. A second melody consisting of distinct notes with a comfortable second part is distinguished and a distinct feeling of unexpected appears. But quickly, recognizable melodies return and in the final meters the melodies are shared to all instruments.