Carl Maria von Weber - Euryanthe: Overture

Carl Maria von Weber composed the opera Euryanthe  during the period 1822-23 and first presented it in Vienna on October 25, 1823. The work was based on a French medieval history of 13th century.  The year Euryanthe was presented was marked by Vienna's interest in Italian operas, particularly those of Rossini . Although the initail reception was enthusiastic, the opera lasted only twenty performances, with complaints about the libretto and the length of the opera. For the failure of the play, the somewhat wordy libretto of the poet and writer Helmina von Chézy was blamed. Franz Schubert also commented that "This is not music". Nevertheless, the introduction is an excellent example of orchestral writing and remains one of the best. The Overture begins with an extremely lively and cheerful phrase. Oboe and clarinet, supported by horn and trombones, then present a theme of three emphatic notes, followed by a shorter ascending group of notes (with a stressed rhythm). Soon t

Mozart - Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525

Painting of Vienna at Mozart's time
The serenade "A Little Night Music" was written to be played at night, when darkness easedthe sufferings of the day...



This serenade, written for string quartet and double bass, was completed on August 10, 1787, the year Mozart was appointed a courtier. He composed it as an entertaining music piece and in particular as an after-dinner play, as the name "A Little Night Music" lyses. Initially there were five parts, but one, the second, is lost. Apparently Mozart himself removed it before publication.

This piece is the best example of emotional serenity and light, which characterizes many of Mozart's works. It was written as an evening entertainment project with a soothing character and therefore avoids the surprise of the loud explosions of music.

Movements:

I. Allegro

Allegro begins with a string fanfare that immediately leads to a flowing melody of the violin. A brief pause paves the way for the kinder second theme. The inaugural music repeats itself and the fanfare returns, leading the music to a different and strange tone. However, this does not last long and the inaugural music returns to the familiar tone.


II. Romanza: Andante

The title of the second part, Romanza, immediately indicates the loose structure of the piece. Strings introduce the inaugural melody and then a new idea is introduced, announced by four staccato notes of scat. After returning to the first melody, a sudden change of mood introduces a duet between the violin and the cello and there appears an agonizing melody. The inaugural music returns once again and leads the track to a quiet conclusion.


III. Menuetto: Allegretto

The imposing Menuetto e trio offers a complete contrast. The first violin guides throughout and the music flows as the cello and double bass follow the melodies.


IV. Rondo: Allegro

The violins begin the final, fast part, the Rondo allegro, with a theme similar to the fanfare of the first part. A second melody consisting of distinct notes with a comfortable second part is distinguished and a distinct feeling of unexpected appears. But quickly, recognizable melodies return and in the final meters the melodies are shared to all instruments.



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