Tschaikovsky - 1812 Overture, op. 49

Tchaikovsky's Overture 1812 expresses Russia's nationalist spirit for the Russians' magnificent victory over Napoleon. In 1880, when he was writing the charming Serenade for Strings, Tchaikovsky undertook to compose a "ceremonial introduction" for an exhibition of industrial art in Moscow. As a theme of his introduction he chose Napoleon's Russia Campaign, which ended with the great victory of the Russian Army. At first the composer intended the introduction to be for outdoor performance and felt that it should be "very loud and noisy". Since then the introduction has become his most famous and most popular concert work. The "1812 Overture" is in fact an introduction to a concerto, in other words is a stand-alone work of orchestral music and not an introduction to opera or a more extensive work. The play describes the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and their retreat and defeat in the winter of the same year. Despite

Chopin - Nocturnes, Op. 32

Opus32 dates back to 1837, when Chopin was increasingly closely associated with the distinguished writer George Sand.  

Nocturne in C Major, Op. 32, No.1

In this nocturne the two song-style melodies flow without pause almost to the end. But here we are witnessing an unexpected change of mood. A dotted cadenza presents some new music and creates a darker and more dubious mood, as the work is completed in minor tonality.

Nocturne in A-flat Major, Op. 32, No. 2

This nocturne is one of Chopin's most popular nocturnes. It begins with a short section reminiscent of a cadenza, which may sound somewhat melodramatic for modern listeners. This introductory phrase lends its place to a warm flowing melody, which the composer then develops into a fiery romantic song. A contrasting part presents a touching note, before leading the nocturne - almost imperceptibly - to a final reprocessing of the introductory material.