Handel - Water Music, Suite I in F major (HWV 348)

  A page from the score of Handel's Water Music written in 1717. This work is the most popular and most beloved of all his numerous compositions. Handel's Water Music, one of the composer's most popular and beloved works, was first presented on the evening of Wednesday, July 17, 1717. An orchestra of fifty musicians sailed next to King George I and several aristocrats, as the royal yacht led a huge fleet of boats on a tour of the Thames toward Chelsea. As the royal procession passed majestically between Lambeth in the east and Chelsea in the west to return, the King was so fascinated by Handel's music that he ordered the orchestra to replay the play three times. The exhausted musicians got permission to stop at two o'clock in the morning! Suite I in F major (HWV 348) 1. Overture (Largo – Allegro)  2. Adagio e staccato  3. Allegro – Andante – Allegro da capo  4. Passepied  5. Air  6. Minuet  7. Bourrée  8. Hornpipe  9. Andante  10. Allegro  11. Hornpipe Handel's

Claude Debussy and the Piano

Claude Debussy playing the piano at Ernest Chausson 's home.

Claude Debussy was one of the greatest composers of piano music. The "Pianoforte" (soft-loud) as is its original Italian name, evolved from the harpsichord during the 18th century. Only in the next century, however, did it grow in size, wealth and tonal power. Beethoven, Schumann, Chopin, Liszt and Brahms wrote their best compositions for it.

At the time of Debussy, that is, at the beginning of the 20th century, the piano had reached the peak of its development. Debussy took full advantage of this fact, writing music that made full use of the spectrum of the keyboard and the dynamics of the piano (the degree of softness and intensity). 

He also used the pedals in a special way, giving duration to certain notes or chords at the same time as others are played, thus mixing their sounds. In this way he utilized the piano as the composers before him had not even imagined.

Some of his pianistic compositions, with impressionistic titles such as "Goldfish", "Estampes", "Fireworks", were among the most revolutionary compositions of his time. For many listeners of that time, it was one of the strangest works they had ever heard.

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