Franz Schubert - Symphony No. 8 in B minor, "Unfinished"

The dark and dramatic mood expressed in Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony is represented in this romantic setting, painted by his older brother, Ferdinand. Schubert's S ymphony No.8 puzzles why it's a masterpiece and why no one knows why he didn't complete it. By October 1822 he had finished the two opening parts and had started working on the third, the Scherzo . At this point he stopped and turned his attention to another work, the Wonderer Fantasie . The following year Schubert sent the unfinished score of the 8th Symphony to his friend Joseph Hüttenbrenner who gave it to his brother Anselm, who kept it for forty years. In 1865, Hüttenbrenner was persuaded to assign Schubert's scores by Johann Ritter von Herbeck, director of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. The Symphony was first performed in Vienna on September 17, 1865 in front of an ecstatic audience. Around 1890, Symphony No. 8 acquired the nickname "Unfinished" and since then the fans

Claude Debussy and the Piano

Claude Debussy playing the piano at Ernest Chausson 's home.

Claude Debussy was one of the greatest composers of piano music. The "Pianoforte" (soft-loud) as is its original Italian name, evolved from the harpsichord during the 18th century. Only in the next century, however, did it grow in size, wealth and tonal power. Beethoven, Schumann, Chopin, Liszt and Brahms wrote their best compositions for it.

At the time of Debussy, that is, at the beginning of the 20th century, the piano had reached the peak of its development. Debussy took full advantage of this fact, writing music that made full use of the spectrum of the keyboard and the dynamics of the piano (the degree of softness and intensity). 

He also used the pedals in a special way, giving duration to certain notes or chords at the same time as others are played, thus mixing their sounds. In this way he utilized the piano as the composers before him had not even imagined.

Some of his pianistic compositions, with impressionistic titles such as "Goldfish", "Estampes", "Fireworks", were among the most revolutionary compositions of his time. For many listeners of that time, it was one of the strangest works they had ever heard.