Maurice Ravel -The Swiss Watchmaker

Maurice Ravel was born on March 7, 1875, in the small fishing village of Ciboure in the Basque region, near the Franco-Spanish border.  His father, Pierre-Joseph, was a Frenchman of Swiss descent. Pierre-Joseph, a distinguished engineer, met and fell in love with his future wife, a young and beautiful Basque, Marie Delouart, at the time she worked on the Spanish railways.  A few months after Maurice's birth, the family moved from Ciboure to Paris. The parents of Maurice Ravel, Pierre-Joseph Ravel and Marie Delouart. Maurice had a happy childhood. The parents encouraged their two children - Edouard was born in 1878 - to follow their vocation. Maurice's inclination was music. He started music lessons at the age of seven.  Unlike the parents of other composers, Pierre-Joseph viewed positively the prospect of a musical career and sent Maurice to the France's most important musical college, the Conservatoire de Paris in 1889. In the same year, the Paris Exhibition brought toget

Saint-Saëns - Famous works

The cover of the program of the concert of Camille Saint-Saëns in 1896 in Salle Pleyel in Paris, for the fifty years since its debut in the same venue.


Operas:

  • The Yellow Princess, Opus 30
  • Samson and Dalila, Opus 47
  • Henry VIII
  • Les Barbares

Orchestral:

  • Symphony No. 1 in E flat major, Opus 2
  • Symphony No. 2 in A minor, Opus 55
  • Symphony No. 3 "Organ Symphony" in C minor, Opus 78
  • Heroic March in E flat major, Opus 34
  • Danse macabre, Symphonic Poem in G minor, Opus 40
  • The Youth of Hercules, Opus 50
  • One night in Lisbon in E flat major, Opus 63
  • Algerian Suite in C major, Opus 60

Concertante:

  • Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso in A minor, Opus 28

Chamber music:

  • Piano Trio No. 1 in F major, Opus 18
  • Allegro appassionato in B minor, Opus 43 
  • Oboe Sonata in D major, Opus 166
  • Clarinet Sonata in E-flat major, Opus 167
  • Bassoon Sonata in G major, Opus 168
  • Violin Sonata No. 1 in D minor, Opus 75
  • Violin Sonata No. 2 in E flat major, Opus 102
  • The Carnival of the Animals

Keyboard Organ:


Choral sacred:

  • Mass, Opus 4
  • Christmas Oratorio, Opus 12
  • The Flood, Opus 45
  • Requiem, Opus 54


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